Palaeontographica A (ISSN 0375-0442) - Instructions to Authors

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Section A of Palaeontographica publishes original and qualified papers on Paleozoology and Stratigraphy in English language. Articles in English from none native-language authors have to be proofread before submission by a native speaker to be quoted in the acknowledgement. Please contact the editor in charge for questions.
All manuscripts are peer-reviewed. The editor-in-chief has to decide about the final acceptance of a manuscript after the review process and occasionally revisions by the authors. The authors themselves are responsible for the content of the scientific contributions.

Editors-in chief

Original manuscripts on Invertebrata and Micropalaeontology are to be sent to
Prof. Dr. Jes Rust, University of Bonn, Institute for Palaeontology, Nussallee 8, D-53115 Bonn
Phone: +49-(0)228-734842, Fax: +49-(0)228-733509, e-mail:
Original manuscripts on Vertebrata are to be sent to
Dr. Daniela C. Kalthoff, Department of Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, P.O. Box 50007, SE-104 05 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: +46-(0)8-5195-4108, Fax: +46-(0)8-5195-4212, e-mail:

Submission policy/declarations

Submission of a manuscript for publication in Palaeontographica Section A is considered binding assurance from the author that this work has not been published previously in this form, has not been submitted elsewhere for publication, and if accepted will not be published elsewhere in this form, length, language and any other language. The manuscript has to be approved by all authors and should be free of any potential conflict of interests. Research work presented in this article must be carried out with the rules of good scientific practice.
With acceptance and publication of a manuscript the exclusive copyright for every language and country is transferred to the publishers. The copyright covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article including reprints, microfilm or any other reproductions and translations.
For technical reasons, printing of papers in order of receipt cannot be guaranteed.


Original manuscripts are to be submitted electronically by e-mail or on a CD/DVD to one of the editors-in-chief.

Submission must include a cover letter, the manuscript and illustrations. Tables, text-figures and plates are not embedded in the manuscript text and have to be submitted as separate files. Files of illustrations and plates can be delivered on CD/DVD if file sizes prevent sending as e-mail attachments. When submitting by email please reduce figure resolution or use file transfer services. Upon acceptance of an article authors need to be able to supply the Publishers with high resolution figure/plate files.

Manuscript preparation

Only wordprocessor prepared manuscripts are acceptable. The text body has to be outlined as follows: single column, 12 pt font size, double-spaced, left justification. Lines are consecutively numbered from the beginning. Please avoid manual hyphenation of words (it is better to not hyphenate at all). Please use italics only for genera and species names, not for names of higher taxa, not for names with Latin suffixes; not for additions like "cf.", ”aff.”, ”sp.” and “sp. nov.”; not for accentuation of words within the text. Do not attempt to indicate different type faces for headings and subtitles. Use Small Capitals for all author names.
Footnotes are to be consecutively numbered and entered at the bottom of the page where they appear under a horizontal line. Use of footnotes should be kept to a minimum.
References must include the author's name and year of publication of each paper.
Any abbreviations used must be uniform and consistent.
Title of the paper, abstract, keywords, all figure and plate captions and table explanations have to be given additionally in English, if the article is not written in English.

Structure of the paper

  • Title page should contain:
    • Title of the paper (as short and precise as possible; subtitles and words in parentheses are to be avoided)
    • First and last names of author(s), affiliations, addresses, contact details of the corresponding author (e-mail address, telephone number).
  • Abstract
  • Key words: Up to 5 key words. These should facilitate correct classification in subject areas for data processing (e. g. Key words: conodonts, ultrastructure, biogenic calcium phosphate, Jurassic, India)
  • Table of contents: The sections and subtitles of the table of contents must correspond to the structure of the main text.) Sections and subsections are numbered using Arabic numbers. Please avoid more than three levels of subsections.
  • Introduction should contain:
    • General description of the topic / the objectives of interest
    • Discussion of previous work (background)
    • Explanations of special features and abbreviations in the text
  • Methology and techniques used in the investigations, material investigated
  • Results and discussion
  • Conclusions or Summary
  • Acknowledgements or recognition of research assistance
  • References
  • Appendix or glossary
  • Plates and explanation of plates

Systematic descriptions

Nomenclature must strictly follow the most recent issue of the Rules of Zoological Nomenclature when presenting new species. In open nomenclature abbreviations cf., aff., sp. nov., gen. nov., gen. nov. et sp. nov., comb. nov. etc. are to be used without further additions.
In synonymy lists, species names and literature references are separated by a dash in cases where the describer is not the original describer of the species. Examples:
1856 Ammonites ixus OPPEL, p. 4, pl. 1, fig. 3.
1885 Ammonites ixus – QUENSTEDT, p. 5, pl. 2, fig. 4.
Referring to types and typoids indicate the location of collection (abbreviated) and catalogue number of the fossil.

Stratigraphic nomenclature

Please observe the guidelines of the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS) on their website for using stratigraphic divisions and names of the most recent International Stratigraphic Chart and for correct use of any stratigraphic terms.

llustrations and plates

Illustrations and plates are only accepted in digital format in appropriate resolution (for details see below). High-resolution versions of illustrations can be delivered by CD/DVD; for peer-review reasons the text files submitted by e-mail can be accompanied by illustration files of lower resolution.
Illustrations (line-drawings; diagrams; photographs if necessary) in the text are to be labeled as "Text-fig." and numbered consecutively. Labeling must be large enough to allow necessary reductions in size (characters must have a final size of at least 2 mm (after reduction)). Indicate the scale for all figures in the explanatory text and use a scale bar whenever possible. Avoid the use of serif typefaces when labeling illustrations. Please indicate the approximate place(s) in the text where the text-figure(s) should be located.
Photographs are digitally mounted on photo plates; the individual photographs on the plates are called "Fig.". Both plates and figures are numbered using Arabic numbers. Spaces between individual photographs have to be equally sized on all plates and should not exceed 2 mm. If inscriptions are in need please use Helvetica or Arial typeface. If necessary use arrows or arrowheads and explain them in the plate captions.
The type area for plates is 17.5 x 23 cm and should not be exceeded. Please avoid plates that have a size less than the maximum type area. Only a limited number of photo plates (max 15) can be accepted for each paper without printing charges. The appropriate number of plates will be fixed by one of the editors-in-chief. If you wish to publish more than 15 photo plates please contact one of the editors-in-chief before manuscript preparation.
File format: Files of line-art figures must be supplied in tif- or eps-format (please avoid Corel Draw graphics) at a resolution not less than 600 dpi. Photographs and photo plates must be provided at a minimum resolution of 300 dpi in tif-, eps- or jpg-format. Please be sure that in eps-files all fonts are embedded.
Colour figures and plates: For each article the first page printed in full color is charged with EUR 400,–. Each additional color page within this article will be charged with EUR 50,--. All prices plus VAT.

Literature references

We request that The List of Title Word Abbreviations of the ISSN International Centre is used for journal name abbreviations (e.g. see or Examples for reference style:
Flügel, E. & Hötzel, H. (1966): Hydrozoen aus dem Ober-Jura der Hesperischen Ketten (Ost-Spanien). – N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Abh. 124: 103–117.
Lindemann, R. & Yochelson, E.L. (1994): Redescription of Stylolina (Incertae Sedis) – Styliolina fissurella (HALL) and the type species S. nucleata (Karpinsky). – In: Landing, E. (ed.): Studies in Stratigraphy and paleontology in honor of D.W. Fisher. – New York State Museum, Bull. 481: 149–160.
Schindewolf, O.H. (1950): Grundfragen der Paläontologie. – 1. Aufl., Schweizerbart.
Taylor, T.N. (1981): Paleobotany: An introduction to fossil plant biology. – 589 pp.; McGraw-Hill Book Co.
All publications referred to in the text of the paper must be included in the reference list.


The corresponding author will receive a low resolution PDF of the proofs prior to printing by e-mail. This proof is supplied for proofing purposes only (no further distribution on any website, via mailing lists, no storage in private or institutional repositories etc.). We request that the annotated PDF proofs will be returned to the publishers immediately. If the proofs are not returned within the period indicated, the paper will be published without author’s corrections. Author's corrections in proof must not exceed 10% of the typesetting costs; above that, the authors will be charged.


40 reprints of each article or a PDF for personal use only will be supplied free of charge; additional copies may be obtained at cost price.