Advances in Limnology - Volume 62

All published Volumes

Patterns and factors of biota distribution in remote European mountain lakes

Ed.: Jordi Catalan; Christopher J. Curtis; Martin Kernan

2009. 440 pages, 110 figures, 77 tables, 16x25cm, 910 g
Language: English

ISBN 978-3-510-47064-8, paperback, price: 96.00 €

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Synopsis

Remote mountain lakes are defined as those situated above the tree-line. There are over 50,000 across Europe, occurring from the high arctic to the south of Spain. These lakes have high ecological and environmental value and as the focal points of mountain landscapes, they support unique plant and animal communities. As headwater catchments for European water supplies they are excellent sensors of environmental change for entire mountain environments. However, although they are generally perceived to be in pristine condition, they are threatened by acid deposition (S and N), by the deposition of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and by trace metals, and they are very sensitive to greenhouse gas-forced climate change.

The central objective of the EU project, EMERGE (European Mountain lake Ecosystems: regionalisation, diagnostic & socio-economic evaluation) was to comprehensively evaluate the status of remote mountain lake ecosystems across Europe. At its core, EMERGE oversaw a biological survey carried out on more than 350 lakes covering most European ranges from Finland to Spain, and from Scotland to Slovakia. The survey used common sampling protocols and a large number of biological groups and environmental variables were measured, including water column, littoral and sediment habitats. This special issue presents a number of studies which examine the planktonic environment, the littoral and benthic zones, the indicative value of lake sediments for assessments of ecological status and several integrated regional assessments.

The planktonic habitat - Sub-arctic lakes of Finnish Lapland were classified using phytoplankton species distribution with the classification subsequently linked to pH and conductivity gradients. A biogeographical characterisation of phytoplankton assemblages revealed three key algal groups with the potential to be used for ecological characterisation of remote mountain lakes. An examination of the actors shaping diversity patterns of pelagic rotifers in Pyrenean mountain lakes highlighted the presence of littoral species in pelagic rotifer assemblages, the importance of carbon flux in the lakes for rotifer diversity patterns, and the existence of increasing environmental restrictions in altitude. The structure of the pelagic food webs in mountain lakes across Europe during the ice free season was examined focusing, in particular, on the microbial loop.

Littoral and benthic organisms - Littoral oligochaetes in the Pyrenees were found to vary according to both altitude and fine substrate dominance. An examination of local and regional species richness of chironomid communities in alpine lakes in the Retezat National Park, Romania, concluded that use of species richness estimators can facilitate field surveys by providing a comparable basis for redirecting sampling to taxon-rich sites. The value of epilithic diatoms as indicators of water quality in Finnish Lapland was explored - these were controlled by local limnological factors, including conductivity, pH and alkalinity. Analysis of the benthic diatom flora from high mountain lakes in the Rila Mountains (Southwestern Bulgaria) showed significant correlation between species diversity and the main chemical gradients - pH, alkalinity and conductivity. The diversity and distribution patterns of benthic invertebrates in six European mountain regions were explored indicating strong patterns in species diversity between Lake Districts with significant proportions of assemblage variance explained primarily by water chemistry but also by altitude and geography.

The diagnostic value of lake sediments to evaluate ecological status - A pan European study of Cladocera remains showed that the species assemblages in mountain lakes are primarily determined by bio-geographical factors with physical, chemical or trophic conditions appearing to explain very little of the variation independent of geographical factors. A comprehensive comparison between the pigment composition of a surface sediment samples and contemporary catchment and limnological variables showed a clear distinction between pristine lakes (Pyrenees), polluted sites (Tatras and Central Southern Alps) and more nutrient-rich lakes (the Julian Alps and Greenland). Biological and geochemical proxies from the sedimentary record of the high alpine lake Bubreka in the Rila Mountains, were used to reconstruct palaeoecological conditions and to determine the phases in the ontogeny of the lake. A sediment core from Lacu Negru in the Retezet National Park, Romania, was analysed providing a record of atmospherically deposited contamination and biological change.

Integrated regional studies - An examination of the response of lakes to major environmental gradients in the Alps demonstrated that a geological gradient controls the composition of phytobenthos, macrozoobenthos, and sedimentary diatoms and chironomids, while the composition of algal pigments in surface sediment is primarily driven by the relatively short trophic gradient. A study of high altitude lochs in Scotland found that species composition differed between low alkalinity lakes with sparse soil coverage at higher altitudes from lakes with high organic levels and high proportions of peaty soils in the catchments. Thermistors were deployed at the Scottish sites and data showed that lake surface water temperatures fluctuate coherently in response to climatic forcing which suggests that daily mean lake temperatures can be readily upscaled. A study investigating the use of satellite images for land cover classification identified 10 land cover classes related to lithology and soil cover that could be used in lake regionalisation studies and model upscaling in remote mountain areas. The Europe-wide survey documented in the papers of this volume is unique both in terms of its geographical scope and the breadth of data collected, by providing a baseline for future mountain lake research in Europe.

This special issue is of interest to all those engaged in environmental research in mountain regions, aquatic ecologists everywhere and policy makers and those tasked with implementing freshwater management strategies.

Original paper

A biological survey of high mountain and high latitude lakes across Europe: aims, sampling strategy, methods and main achievements

Kernan, Martin; Catalan, Jordi F.; Ventura, Marc; Curtis, Christopher J.

p. 3-16, published: Dec 23, 2009
2 figures, 2 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200006 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/3

Original paper

Structure of pelagic microbial assemblages in European mountain lakes during ice-free season

Straškrábová, Vera; Bertoni, Roberto; Blažo, Martin; Callieri, Cristina; Forsström, Laura; Fott, Jan; Kernan, Martin; Macek, Miroslav; Stuchlík, Evzen; Tolotti, Monica

p. 19-53, published: Dec 23, 2009
4 figures, 20 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200010 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/19

Original paper

Biogeographical Characterisation of phytoplankton assemblages in high altitude, and high latitude European lakes

Tolotti, Monica; Forsström, Laura; Morabito, Guiseppe; Thaler, Bertha; Stoyneva, Maya; Cantonati, Marco; Šiško M., ; Lotter, A.

p. 55-75, published: Dec 23, 2009
5 figures, 3 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200007 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/55

Original paper

Phytoplankton in subarctic lakes of Finnish Lapland – implications for ecological lake classification

Forsström, Laura; Sorvari, Sanna; Korhola, Atte

p. 77-97, published: Dec 23, 2009
6 figures, 3 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200017 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/77

Original paper

Factors shaping diversity patterns in pelagic rotifer assemblages of high mountain lakes (Pyrenees)

Bartumeus, Frederic; Ventura, Marc; Catalan, Jordi

p. 99-122, published: Dec 23, 2009
10 figures, 4 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200001 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/99

Original paper

Analysis of factors controlling epilithic diatom community compositions in subarctic lakes of Finnish Lapland

Albert, Raino-Lars; Korhola, Atte; Sorvari, Sanna

p. 125-151, published: Dec 23, 2009
5 figures, 1 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200002 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/125

Original paper

Benthic diatom flora in relation to chemical and physical factors in high mountain lakes in the Rila Mountains (southwestern Bulgaria)

Ognjanova-Rumenova, Nadja; Botev, Ivan; Kernan, Martin

p. 153-166, published: Dec 23, 2009
4 figures, 2 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200018 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/153

Original paper

Diversity and distribution patterns of benthic invertebrates along alpine gradients. A study of remote European freshwater lakes

Fjellheim, Arne; Raddum, Gunnar G.; Vandvik, Vigdis; Cogălniceanu, Dan; Boggero, Angela; Brancelj, Anton; Galas, Joanna; Sporka, Ferdinand; Vidinova, Yanka; Bitusik, Peter; Dumnicka, Elzbieta; Galdean, Nicolae; Kownacki, Andrzej; Krno, Ilja; Preda, Elena; Rîşnoveanu, Greta; Stuchlik, Ezven

p. 167-190, published: Dec 23, 2009
4 figures, 3 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200014 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/167

Original paper

Evaluating diversity of chironomid (Insecta: Diptera) communities in alpine lakes, Retezat National Park (Romania)

Cogălniceanu, Dan; Tudorancea, Monica; Preda, Elena; Gâldean, Nicolae.

p. 191-213, published: Dec 23, 2009
6 figures, 4 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200003 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/191

Original paper

Environmental factors and distribution of littoral oligochaetes in Pyrenean lakes

Collado, Rut; De Mendoza, Guillermo

p. 215-244, published: Dec 23, 2009
5 figures, 5 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200011 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/215

Original paper

Sedimentary pigments in 308 alpine lakes and their relation to environmental gradients

Lami, Andrea; Musazzi, Simona; Marchetto, Aldo; Buchaca, Teresa; Kernan, Martin; Jeppesen, Erik; Guilizzoni, Piero

p. 247-268, published: Dec 23, 2009
5 figures, 7 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200004 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/247

Original paper

Cladocera remains from the sediments of remote cold lakes: a study of 294 lakes across Europe

Brancelj, Anton; Kernan, Martin; Jeppesen, Erik; Rautio, Milla; Manca, Marina; Šiško, Milijan; Alonso, Migel; Stuchlík, Ezven

p. 269-294, published: Dec 23, 2009
9 figures, 6 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200012 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/269

Original paper

Environmental changes in the Rila Mountains, Southwestern Bulgaria, as recorded by the sediments of a remote lake

Ognjanova-Rumenova, Nadja; Botev, Ivan; Velle, Gaute; Rose, Neil L.; Appleby, Peter; Brancelj, Anton; Lami, Andrea; Musazzi, S.

p. 295-318, published: Dec 23, 2009
11 figures, 2 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200013 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/295

Original paper

Atmospheric contamination and ecological changes inferred from the sediment record of Lacul Negru in the Retezat National Park, Romania

Rose, Neil L.; Cogălniceanu, Dan; Appleby, Peter G.; Brancelj, Anton; Fernández, Pilar; Grimalt, Joan O.; Kernan, Martin; Lami, Andrea; Musazzi, Simona; Quiroz, Roberto; Velle, Gaute

p. 319-350, published: Dec 23, 2009
11 figures, 2 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200015 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/319

Original paper

A spectral approach to satellite land cover classification of remote European mountain lake districts

Casals-Carrasco, P.; Ventura, Marc; Gond, Valery; Madhavan, Babu; Pretus, Joan; Catalan, Jordi

p. 353-365, published: Dec 23, 2009
6 figures, 2 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200008 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/353

Original paper

Regional coherence and geographical variability in the surface water temperatures of Scottish Highland lochs

Livingstone, David M.; Kernan, Martin

p. 367-378, published: Dec 23, 2009
3 figures, 3 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200009 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/367

Original paper

Environmental and biological characteristics of high altitude lochs in Scotland

Kernan, Martin; Brancelj, Anton; Clarke, Gina; Lami, A.; Straškrábová, Viera; Stuchlík, Ezven; Velle, Gaute; Ventura, Marc

p. 379-417, published: Dec 23, 2009
7 figures, 4 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200016 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/379

Original paper

Response of Alpine lakes to major environmental gradients, as detected through planktonic, benthic and sedimentary assemblages

Marchetto, Aldo; Rogora, Michela; Boggero, Angela; Musazzi, Simona; Lami, Andrea; Lotter, André F.; Tolotti, Monica; Thies, Hansjoerg; Psenner, Roland; Massaferro, Julieta; Barbieri, Alberto

p. 419-440, published: Dec 23, 2009
7 figures, 5 tables

ArtNo. ESP143006200005 Price: 29.00 € DOI: 10.1127/advlim/62/2009/419

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