Original paper

Anthropology and Genetics of the Caucasus Peoples and the Problem of the Origin of the Caucasoids

Nazarova, A.F.; Alkhutov,S.M.


The electrophoretical polymorphisms of some blood proteins were studied in the Talysh population of Pirasora situated in South-East Azerbaidjan.We calculated the gene frequencies of these polymorphisms and determined the genetic distances between the Talyshes and some Iranian populations of North,Central and South Iran,Afghans,and three populations of Azerbaijan.The Talyshes are very close to Iranians of Shiraz,whereas they are distant from the Azerbaijanians.Anthropological investigations showed that the Caucasoids and Mongoloids lived in the Aragvi Basin since the Eneolithic period.This was stated by Alexeev ( 1974 ),who emphasized the mixture of the Caucasus populations from ancient times on.We calculated the genetic distances between the Caucasus populations and numerous populations of other geographic regions,considering 28 alleles of 12 loci of blood group,serum protein and red cell enzyme polymorphisms and constructed the dendrogram of these populations.The position of the Caucasus populations in the dendrogram corresponds on principle to the earlier anthropological observations.The clustering of the Caucasoid populations corresponds completely with anthropological and historical data,and supports our earlier hypothesis (Nazarova 1999 ) concerning the differentiation of Caucasoids,Northern Mongoloids and Amerinds from the populations,which inhabitated Asia in palaeolithic times.


Populations of Caucasusanthropological investigationgenetic polymorphismsgenetic distancesdendrograms