Characterization of the head and face in 712 years old Fars children of Arak (Central Iran): An anthropometric study
Ghanbari, Ali; Bayat, Parvin; Dokht,
Physical variations of races can be characterized by anthropometric indices. However, anthropological findings indicate not only that each racial group has its own standards but within the same race, each subgroup had its own standards. Some anthropometric studies were carried out on Iranian population but they are not enough. In this cross-sectional research 1695 native 7-12 years old children from Arak (Central Iran) were investigated. Some of the physical variables such as head length, width and circumference, facial length and width were measured. Cephalic and facial indices based on these variables were evaluated. The results showed that the dominant type of cephalic index was the mesocephalic one, while the dolicocephalic type was less frequent. The dominant type of facial index was the euryprosopic one, the less frequent type the hyperleptoprosopic one. Between males and females no statistically significant differences in the distribution of these indices could be observed. The types of head and face of the Arak children differ somewhat from those observed in populations from other parts of Iran as well as from those of neighboring countries. These differences indicate the importance of the physical standards of the Arak children as a Fars subgroup of Caucasians.