Original paper

Gender difference in fat indices as evident in two generations

Sinha, Rashmi; Kapoor, Satwanti

Anthropologischer Anzeiger Volume 67 No. 2 (2009), p. 153 - 163

published: Jun 1, 2009

DOI: 10.1127/0003-5548/2009/0019

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ArtNo. ESP140006702005, Price: 29.00 €

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Abstract

To report gender difference for stature, weight, body fat and subcutaneous fat distribution between two generations in an endogamous Indian population, cross sectional data from 108 urban families comprising of 1042 adolescent children (11-17 years) and their parents residing in Delhi, India were considered. Various fatness and fat distribution indices were included in the study like BMI, GMT and Trunk-Extremity ratios. A consistent increase in fatness with age was found in both the sexes with a redistribution of fat away from extremities towards the trunk. The increase in BMI with age was more pronounced in females than in males. A continuous increase in GMT among adolescent girls was found but not among the adolescent boys. The Trunk-Extremity ratio established the trend of fat distribution in favor of trunk region which was more marked in boys. Statistically significant gender differences are observed in various age groups in different variables with maximum in triceps skinfold followed by stature and biceps skinfold and least in suprailiac and medial calf skinfold sites.

Keywords

adolescentsmothersfathersfatnessfat patterning