Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Turkish adults
Gültekin, Timur Özer; Koca Akın, Galip; Bektaş, Yener; Sağır, Mehmet; Güleç, Erksin
The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence and patterns of adult overweight and obesity in Turkey and discuss the impact of socio-environmental factors. A cross-sectional nationwide survey was carried out on 2100 adults (1050 males and 1050 females) aged 18 to 65 years from 7 geographic regions of Turkey. Data on height and weight were measured according to the Anthropometric Standardization Reference Manual and a questionnaire was applied to access the socio-economic status. The body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2), overweight and obesity were calculated, and percentiles were developed by LMS method. Mean BMI was 26.24 for males and 28.02 for females. Results showed that obesity was more pronounced among females (34.19%) than among males (20%). Logistic regression analysis revealed that older age and education level among females, and older age and occupational status among males have impact on obesity. Comparison of the present results with former nationwide studies conducted in Turkey showed that height and weight for both sexes have increased with the improved socio-economic conditions. In addition, increased weight and BMI needed to be monitored particularly for females in terms of acute health problems.