Original paper

Inheritance of 18 quantitative dermatoglyphic traits based on Factors in MZ and DZ twins

Karmakar, Bibha; Malkin, Ida; Kobyliansky, Eugene

Anthropologischer Anzeiger Volume 68 No. 2 (2011), p. 185 - 193

published: Mar 1, 2011

DOI: 10.1127/0003-5548/2011/0083

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ArtNo. ESP140006802007, Price: 29.00 €

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Abstract

18 quantitative finger and palmar dermatoglyphic traits were analyzed with the aim of determining genetic effects and common familial environmental influences on a large (358 nuclear pedigrees) number of twins (MZ and DZ). Genetic analysis based on principal factors includes variance and bivariate variance decomposition analysis. Especially, Factor 1 (digital pattern size) is remarkable, due to its degree of universality. The results of genetic analysis revealed all three extracted factors have significant proportion of additive genetic variance (93.5 % to 72.9 %). The main results of bivariate variance decomposition analysis appears significant correlation in residual variance between digital pattern size factor (Factor 1) versus finger pattern intensity factor (Factor 4), and palmar main lines factor (Factor 2) verses a-b ridge count (Factor 3), but there was no significant correlation in the genetic variance of factors.

Keywords

dermatoglyphicsprincipal factorsvariance decomposition analysisgenetic model fittings heritabilitytwins