Original paper

Inheritance of dermatoglyphic traits in twins: Univariate and bivariate variance decomposition analysis

Karmakar, Bibha; Malkin, Ida; Kobyliansky, Eugene

Anthropologischer Anzeiger Volume 69 No. 2 (2012), p. 221 - 228

published: Mar 1, 2012

DOI: 10.1127/0003-5548/2011/0134

BibTeX file

ArtNo. ESP140006902007, Price: 29.00 €

Download preview PDF Buy as PDF

Abstract

Dermatoglyphic traits in a sample of twins were analyzed to estimate the resemblance between MZ and DZ twins and to evaluate the mode of inheritance by using the maximum likelihood-based Variance decomposition analysis. The additive genetic variance component was significant in both sexes for four traits - PII, AB_RC, RC_HB, and ATD_L. AB_RC and RC_HB had significant sex differences in means, whereas PII and ATD_L did not. The results of the Bivariate Variance decomposition analysis revealed that PII and RC_HB have a significant correlation in both genetic and residual components. Significant correlation in the additive genetic variance between AB_RC and ATD_L was observed. The same analysis only for the females sub-sample in the three traits RBL, RBR and AB_DIS shows that the additive genetic RBR component was significant and the AB_DIS sibling component was not significant while others cannot be constrained to zero. The additive variance for AB_DIS sibling component was not significant. The three components additive, sibling and residual were significantly correlated between each pair of traits revealed by the Bivariate Variance decomposition analysis.

Keywords

dermatoglyphicssegregation analysisbiometric modeltwins