Disparities in health status between rural and urban adult males in Lower Silesia, Poland
Among the factors responsible for disparities in health status is place of residence. The aim of the study was to analyze differences in health status in 4142 adult males from villages and cities in Poland. Eleven biological parameters were used to assess the biological age. Among the better educated subjects, nine out of the eleven parameters were significantly worse in the rural subjects than in their urban counterparts. BMI, percent body fat, white blood cell count and blood glucose were higher, whereas respiratory and cardiovascular efficiency were lower. Only visual acuity was better in the rural subjects. For the poorly educated men, the pattern was generally similar, although the differences between the rural and urban subjects were smaller.