Waist circumference cut-off in relation to body mass index and percentage of body fat in adult women from Merida, Mexico
Banik, Sudip Datta; Dickinson, Federico
Waist circumference (WC) as an index of central obesity is related to body mass index (BMI) and percent body fat (PBF). Waist circumference data were analyzed to identify a WC cut-off for adult women with respect to BMI-based obesity (≥30 kg/m2) and PBF. The sample was 138 women aged 22 to 41 years with Maya ancestry (based on surnames) in Merida, Yucatan, measured during 2011–2013. Anthropometric parameters included height, body weight (BW), and BMI. The PBF was estimated by bioelectrical impedance. Estimated cut-offs per centimeter WC (80–99 cm) were predicted by BMI for obesity (≥ 30 kg m–2; binomial: Yes = 1, No = 0) and PBF (continuous variable) using binary logistic regression analyses. Mean age was 32 years, mean BMI was 29 kg m–2 and mean WC was 89 cm. The sample exhibited high PBF (44 %), and high rates of overweight (44 %) and obesity (40 %). The threshold WC (≥ 93 cm) had high sensitivity (80 %), specificity (82 %), Youden Index value (0.62), and correct classification rate (82 %). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 88%. The WC ≥ 93 cm cut-off had corresponding values for mean BMI (34 kg m–2) and PBF (47 %). The optimal WC cut-off at 93 cm significantly identified central obesity for BMI 30 kg m–2 and PBF for this sample.