Overweight and obesity in children and adolescents from Serbia in the period 2001–2004 and 2011–2014
Rakić, Rada; Pavlica, Tatjana; Jovičić, Dubravka
Summary Objective: In recent years an increasing prevalence in overweight and obesity of children and adolescents has been recorded worldwide. Childhood obesity is a risk factor for adulthood obesity. The aim of the study is to examine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents aged 7–19 in a 10-year long period in Serbia. Subjects and methods: Cross sectional investigation was conducted in the periods 2001–2004 and 2011–2014. The first investigation included 8965 individuals, 4344 schoolboys and 4621 schoolgirls aged 7–19, while the second investigation included 2507 schoolboys and 3083 schoolgirls. The body mass index (BMI kg m–2) was obtained from the recorded height and weight and the assessment of overweight and obesity was based on IOTF reference values. Results: In the first period investigation overweight prevalence was detected in 18% of subjects (21.1% in boys and 15.1% in girls) and obesity prevalence in 5.5% of subjects (6.7% in boys and 4.4% in girls). In the second investigation the overweight and obesity prevalence was observed in 17.4% and 4.5% of subjects, respectively (20.6% in boys and 14.8% in girls; 5.3% in boys and 3.9% in girls). Conclusion: The results indicate that in the ten-year period there has been no increase in the number of overweight and obese children and adolescents in Serbia.