Original paper

The effect of neighboring districts on body height of Polish conscripts

Gomula, Aleksandra; Koziel, Slawomir; Groth, Detlef; Bielicki, Tadeusz

Anthropologischer Anzeiger Volume 74 No. 1 (2017), p. 71 - 76

published: Apr 1, 2017
published online: Feb 23, 2017
manuscript accepted: Nov 3, 2016
manuscript revision received: Oct 20, 2016
manuscript revision requested: Oct 7, 2016
manuscript received: Aug 19, 2016

DOI: 10.1127/anthranz/2017/0701

BibTeX file

ArtNo. ESP140007401008, Price: 29.00 €

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Abstract The aim of the study was to investigate the correlation of heights of conscripts living in neighboring districts in Poland. The study used 10% of a nationally representative sample of 26,178 males 18.5–19.5 years old examined during the National survey of Polish conscripts conducted in 2001. The sample represented all regions and social strata of the country and included 354 different districts within 16 voivodships (provinces). Analyses were performed with the R statistical software. A small but significant correlation (0.24, p < 0.0001) was observed for height between 1st order neighboring districts. Correlations decreased with increased distances between neighboring districts, but remained significant for 7th node neighbors (0.18, p < 0.0001). Regarding voivodships (provinces), average height showed a geographical trend from the northwest (relatively tall) to the southeast (relatively short), and the correlation was stronger for first order neighboring provinces (0.796, p < 0.001). This study revealed clusters of tall people and short people, providing a support for hypothesis of the community effect in height. Small correlations between 1st order neighbors than in another country (Switzerland) may be associated with differences in geography, since in Poland there are no natural barriers (e.g., mountains) and road infrastructure is well-developed.


body heightcommunity effectPolish conscripts