Original paper

Regular graveyard in the stronghold versus settlement burials in the bailey. Comparison of Early Medieval populations from Pohansko (Czech Republic)

Kalová, Kateřina; Přichystalová, Renáta; Boberová, Kateřina; Pavlůsková, Alena

Anthropologischer Anzeiger Volume 74 No. 2 (2017), p. 155 - 171

published: Jul 1, 2017
published online: May 15, 2017
manuscript accepted: Dec 20, 2016
manuscript revision received: Dec 20, 2016
manuscript revision requested: Nov 17, 2016
manuscript received: Jun 26, 2016

DOI: 10.1127/anthranz/2017/0680

BibTeX file

ArtNo. ESP140007402007, Price: 29.00 €

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Abstract The aim of the study is to identify possible differences in the prevalence of biological stress markers (cribra orbitalia, linear enammel hypoplasia), dental caries, activity markers (Schmorl’s nodes) and markers of violence (traumatic lesions) in populations from a typical graveyard around the first church (9th–10th century AD) in the stronghold and from settlement burials in the southern bailey (second half of the 9th – beginning of the 10th century AD) of Slavs from Pohansko (Czech Republic). Cribra orbitalia and enamel hypoplasia did not markedly differ in either population. On the other hand, co-occurrence of both markers was statistically different and distinction in higher age categories could indicate diverse living conditions. Lower cariousness in the population from the southern bailey was identified. The nature of postcranial traumatic lesions in both populations indicates rather their accidental origin. However, a higher incidence of cranial injuries points to more violent activities in the population from Pohansko compared to Mikulčice. A high number of healed face injuries in males from the southern bailey could indicate higher intragroup violence in this population.


Middle agepaleopathologybiological stress indicatorstraumatic lesionsdental cariespopulation study