Original paper

No association between nutrition and body height in German kindergarten children – a pilot study

Pospisil, Christina; Czernitzki, Anna-Franziska; Scheffler, Christiane

Anthropologischer Anzeiger Volume 74 No. 3 (2017), p. 199 - 202

published: Sep 1, 2017
published online: May 30, 2017
manuscript accepted: Mar 7, 2017
manuscript revision received: Nov 27, 2016
manuscript revision requested: Sep 13, 2016
manuscript received: Aug 23, 2016

DOI: 10.1127/anthranz/2017/0704

BibTeX file

ArtNo. ESP140007403003, Price: 29.00 €

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Abstract

Abstract Anthropologists all over the world are discussing influences on individual height including quantity and quality of nutrition. To examine whether a relationship between nutritional components and height can be found this pilot study has been developed. The research samples consisted of 44 children (age 3–6 years) attending two different kindergartens in Germany. Height measurements were taken for each child. Furthermore the parents had to fill out a 24-hour questionnaire to document their children’s eating habits during the weekend. In order to standardize the measured height values z-scores were calculated with reference to the average height of the overall cohort. The results of correlation analysis indicate that height is not significantly related to any of the main nutritional components as protein (r = –0.148), carbohydrates (r = 0.126), fat (r = 0.107), fibre (r = –0.289), vitamin (r = 0.050), calcium (r = 0.110), potassium (r = 0.189) and overall calorie intake (r = 0.302). In conclusion, it can be stated that the quality of nutrition may not have a strong influence on individual height. However, due to the small sample size further research should be provided with a larger cohort of children to verify the present results.

Keywords

nutritional componentsindividual body heightchildrenGermany