Original paper

Sedimentation and mineralisation of organic carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in a large humic lake, northern Sweden

Jonsson, Anders; Jansson, Mats

Archiv für Hydrobiologie - Hauptbände Volume 141 Number 1 (1997), p. 45 - 65

37 references

published: Dec 23, 1997

DOI: 10.1127/archiv-hydrobiol/141/1997/45

BibTeX file

ArtNo. ESP141014101010, Price: 29.00 €

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Abstract

Lake Örträsket is a large (7.3 km2) and deep (64 m) humic (DOC 10 mg · L-1) lake in northern Sweden. Sediment trap data (gross sedimentation) and sediment core data (net sedimentation) has been used to calculate sedimentation and mineralisation of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, iron, aluminium and total particulate matter (TPM). Yearly gross sedimentation of nitrogen and organic carbon was higher than yearly net sedimentation caused by an annual sediment mineralisation of 54 % and 32 % of gross sedimentation, respectively. Annual gross sedimentation of phosphorus, iron, aluminium and TPM equalled annual net sedimentation and no significant sediment mineralisation of these elements was calculated. The annual retention (input-output) of organic carbon and nitrogen approximately equalled net sedimentation. Sediment mineralisation of nitrogen resulted in an accumulation of nitrate in the water column of the lake during periods of lake stratification. Approximately 2/3 of the nitrogen mineralised in and lost from the sediment was transported out of the lake (as nitrate) via the outlet during turnover in spring and autumn. Remaining 1/3 was assumed to be lost through sediment denitrification, equalling a denitrification rate of about 1 mgN · m-2 · y-1.

Keywords

sediment trap datanitratedenitrificationorganic carbonhumicLake ÖrträsketSweden