Experimental determination of strontium and magnesium partitioning in calcite of the freshwater ostracod Herpetocypris intermedia
Wansard, Guy; Roca, Josep R.; Mezquita, Francesc
Archiv für Hydrobiologie Volume 145 Number 2 (1999), p. 237 - 253
published: May 27, 1999
ArtNo. ESP141014502008, Price: 29.00 €
Cultures of the freshwater ostracod Herpetocypris intermedia (Crustacea) were kept under controlled conditions in order to study the influence of the chemistry and the temperature of the water, as well as the influence of the calcification process, on the incorporation of strontium and magnesium in their calcite carapaces. These experiments pointed out to three factors that induced variations in the partition coefficients D (Sr) and D (Mg): (1) the calcification process: light-weight shells were usually depleted in Sr content when compared to well calcified valves; (2) a high water Sr/Ca ratio: in this case an increase of D (Sr) with ostracod Mg content was observed; (3) the water Mg/Ca ratio: above a water Mg/Ca ratio of ⁓1, D (Mg) was nearly constant (0.0042 ± 0.0007). In low water Mg/Ca ratios (< 0.4), d (mg) increased. our results also show that temperature does not influence the d (mg) value for Herpetocypris. We hypothesise that freshwater taxa such as Herpetocypris have developed mechanisms to control the temperature effect on calcite Mg content, because they do not have to exert a control on Mg content during calcification to avoid high-Mg calcite formation.