Occurrence of glochidia of the endangered Margaritifera auricularia (Spengler, 1793) and other mussel species (Bivalvia: Unionoida) in drift and on fishes in an ancient channel of the Ebro River, Spain.
Araujo, R.; Bragado, D.; Ramos, M. A.
Archiv für Hydrobiologie Volume 148 Number 1 (2000), p. 147 - 160
published: Apr 13, 2000
ArtNo. ESP141014801015, Price: 29.00 €
The reproductive season of the relict species Margaritifera auricularia and three other species of freshwater mussels was studied by collecting their parasitic glochidial larvae with drift nets from 1997-1998. Drift net sampling indicated M. auricularia release glochidia during March and April. Sampling of fishes cohabiting with the mussels showed that the natural host fish for M. auricularia glochidia is probably absent from the study area. The barbel, (Barbus graellsii) is the main live host for the glochidia of Psilunio littoralis and Anodonta cygnea. Specimens of the only other native fish species, Chondrostoma toxostoma, and of three exotic fish species living in the channel were not infested by glochidia during the sampled months. Glochidia of Psilunio littoralis encapsulate in the fish fins and mainly in the gill filaments. Anodonta cygnea glochidial larvae also encyst on the gill rakers, in addition to the fins and gill filaments.