Mechanisms of phosphorus release from the bottom sediment of the oligotrophic Lake Stechlin: Importance of the permanently oxic sediment surface
Gonsiorczyk, Thomas; Casper, Peter; Koschel, Rainer
Archiv für Hydrobiologie Volume 151 Number 2 (2001), p. 203 - 219
published: Apr 27, 2001
ArtNo. ESP141015102008, Price: 29.00 €
The vertical distribution of various P-binding forms, potential P-binding partners and the concentration of soluble reactive P in the interstitial water were investigated in the bottom sediments of the oligotrophic Lake Stechlin (north-eastern Germany). The most important fraction of total P in the top centimeter of the sediment is the redox-sensitive Fe- and Mn-bound P with 1.29 g/kg (54 % total P), which decreased to about 0.23 g/kg at a depth of 1O-30 cm. Its decrease is responsible for a corresponding decrease in total P with depth. The release of P due to diagenesis of labile P-compounds was calculated to be 69 mg P m-2 a-1 This is concordant with the mean accumulation rate of soluble reactive P in the hypolimnion during summer stratification (70 mg P m-2 a-1). The mobilization of reductant-soluble P due to the shift of the top oxic sediment layers into deeper anoxic zones (burial) accounts for 81 % of the calculated P-release of labile P-compounds (86 mg P m-2 a-1, 1970-1996). Although, reductantsoluble P does not add to the permanent burial of P, the thickness of the top oxic sediment layer and its redox-dependent P-binding capacity influence the present concentration of P in the whole water body, and thus contribute to maintaining the oligotrophic status of Lake Stechlin.