Environmental determinants of bacterial activity and faunal assemblages in alluvial riverbank aquifers
Mauclaire, Laurie; Gibert, Janine
Archiv für Hydrobiologie Volume 152 Number 3 (2001), p. 469 - 487
published: Oct 18, 2001
ArtNo. ESP141015203011, Price: 29.00 €
Groundwater quality can be strongly influenced by the source of the water through the contributions of oxygen, organic, and inorganic materials. Microbial characteristics (abundance and activity) and faunal distribution were examined in groundwater collected from two aquifers that are characterized by different water sources. For both aquifers, water samples were collected from three wells at different depths, three times in the year. The two aquifers showed contrasting characteristics concerning hydrodynamic variables, carbon content and presence of electron acceptors (oxygen and nitrate). At the local scale, spatial variations were low compared to seasonal changes. The combination of five variables (aquifer transmissivity, temperature, oxygen, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), and percentage of biodegradable DOC (BDOC)) accounted for 57 % of the variability in bacterial activity (expressed as the percentage of Electron Transport System active bacteria). The best multivariate linear regression model of faunal abundance accounted for 52 % of the variability with 5 significant variables (aquifer transmissivity, oxygen, DOC, redox, and pH). At the regional scale, the different water sources have consequences on spatial variations of chemical and biological water quality.