Nutrient availability and physical conditions as controlling factors of phytoplankton composition and biomass in a tropical reservoir (Southeastern Brazil)
Manzi Marinho, Marcelo; de Moraes Huszar, Vera Lúcia
Archiv für Hydrobiologie Volume 153 Number 3 (2002), p. 443 - 468
published: Feb 27, 2002
ArtNo. ESP141015303004, Price: 29.00 €
Phytoplankton species composition and abundance were recorded biweekly over a one-year period in a eutrophic drinking water supply reservoir together with physical and chemical variables. Based on the results of canonical correspondence analysis and variations on phytoplankton composition and biomass two distinct stages were recognised. The first was characterised by low phytoplankton biomass with dominance of Aulacoseira distans and cryptomonads (D and Y assemblages composed by C-strategists (invasive) small, relatively fast-growing species). In the second period Microcystis aeruginosa (M assemblage; an S-R strategist), Anabaena spiroides (H assemblage; R-strategist; ruderal) and Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii (H-Sn assemblage; R-strategist; ruderal) dominated with a high biomass. Abundances of A. distans and cryptomonads were positively associated with NO3- and N/P ratio and negatively with temperature and light. Cyanobacteria abundance was negatively associated wit. NO3- and N/P ratio, and positively associated with temperature and light. D and Y assemblages were selected by conditions of mixing and low light during the cold-dry season. The increasing daily stratification and decreasing nitrogen availability, mainly DIN, favoured the M assemblage, and M. aeruginosa bloomed when DIN concentrations were <5c µm. with severe nitrogen limitation, H and H-Sn assemblages of N-fixing species were favoured and dominated the community.