Effects of Fe2+ and Fe3+ contents on cation ordering in omphacite
Camara, Fernando; Nieto, Fernando; Oberti, Roberta
European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 10 Number 5 (1998), p. 889 - 906
published: Oct 5, 1998
manuscript accepted: Apr 22, 1998
manuscript received: Aug 14, 1997
ArtNo. ESP147051005005, Price: 29.00 €
Abstract Omphacites and aegirine-augites with a mole fraction of aegirine (XAe) in the range 0-33 % (XAe+Hd = 15-47 %) have been studied by electron-microprobe analysis, single-crystal X-ray structure-refinement and transmission electron-microscopy. The degree of order, as calculated by standard methods either from geometries and occupancies of the M1, M11 and M2,M21 couples of sites or from the I060/I050 intensity ratio, is lower than expected on the basis of both the Na contents and the T estimates from inter-crystalline exchange geothermometry. The difference is inversely proportional to XAe+Hd (XAe being the most important component) and a semi-quantitative relationship between XAe+Hd and the degree of order is given. TEM-AEM analysis on thin sections shows that compositional zoning with decreasing XAC corresponds to increasing degree of order (i.e., stronger h + k = odd reflections and size of anti-phase domains increasing from 380 to 1400 Å). Anti-phase domains cannot be observed at XAe higher than 20 %. Defects and other microstructures are rare and precede formation and growth of the anti-phase domains; exsolution processes have not been observed. Structure refinements after annealing at different temperatures on crystals with similar Na contents but increasing XAe+Hd indicate that the latter affects the kinetics of the process but not the critical T of order. The Fe3+Al-1 and Fe2+Mg-1 substitutions affect the degree of order in omphacite because, with increasing iron contents, the two independent octahedra in the Plln space-group become more and more similar due to the decreasing difference in the ionic radii involved; ordering is therefore less and less favoured from structural and energetic points of view. Thus, the space group is C2/c for XAe > 20 % and XAe+Hd = 47 % (as in this work), but it is P2/n in omphacite with the same XAe but higher XHd. A ΔG* value for anti-phase domain coarsening in Fe-rich omphacite has been derived from TEM data and T-T-t diagrams; it is about 20 kcal/mole higher than that proposed for Fe-free omphacite.