Original paper

Oxides of the Pd-Sb-Bi system from the Chiney Massif (Aldan Shield, Russia)

Tolstykh, Nadezhda D.; Krivenko, Aleksandr P.; Lavrent’Ev, Yuriy G.; Tolstykh, Oleg N.; Korolyuk, Vladimir N.

European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 12 Number 2 (2000), p. 431 - 440

25 references

published: Mar 29, 2000
manuscript accepted: Nov 2, 1999
manuscript received: Aug 17, 1999

DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2000/0012-0431

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Abstract

Abstract Pd-Sb-Bi oxides occur in the exocontact sulphide ores of the Chiney anorthosite-gabbronorite massif. Three types of oxides have been distinguished: Pb-Sb, Pd-Sb-Bi, and Pd-Bi oxides. Pd-Sb oxides are complete pseudomorphs after stibiopalladinite. Pd-Sb oxide has a grey-brown colour and is weakly to moderately anisotropic. In some cases there is an optical zonality, which corresponds to the heterogeneity of the the composition. Reflectance in different grains varies from 14.8 to 21.6 % at 380 nm and from 26.0 to 33.7 % at 589 nm. The average VHN20 is 124 kg/mm2. The formula of the Pd-Sb oxide exhibiting the highest degree of oxidation is close to Pd5Sb2O4. Pd-Sb- Bi oxide occurs as grey rims, formed on Bi-bearing sudburyite. It is weakly anisotropic. In comparison with Pd-Sb oxide it has a lower reflectance. Its average VHN5 is 81 kg/mm2. The oxide composition varies from Pd0.49(Sb,Bi)0.28O0.24 to Pd0.33(Sb,Bi)0.24O0.43. Pd-Bi oxide, formed after froodite, is grey and weakly anisotropic, heterogeneous in most cases, and has emulsion-like inclusions of a high-reflecting phase. Reflectance spectra are lower than for the other oxides. VHN5 is on average 156 kg/mm2. Compositional points in the Pd-Bi-O diagram lie along the Bi2O3-Pd line, which suggests that the studied oxide is a solid solution of Pd in Bi2O3 (or a decomposition structure of Bi2O3 and Pd). The composition with the lowest concentration of Pd (5.62 wt. %) is similar to that of bismite Bi2O3 and the oxide with the lowest concentration of Pd is close to the provisional formula Pd3Bi3O4. The formation of Pd-Sb-Bi-O minerals may have been due to a high-temperature fluid influencing the host sandstones of the exocontact ores

Keywords

platinum-group mineralsalterationPGE oxideelectron-probe microanalysissulphide oreChiney massifAldanRussia