Volcanic rock Bronze Age millstones of Apulia, Southern Italy: Lithology and provenance
Lorenzoni, Sergio; Pallara, Mauro; Zanettin, Eleonora
European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 12 Number 4 (2000), p. 877 - 882
published: Jul 17, 2000
manuscript accepted: Mar 13, 2000
manuscript received: Nov 15, 1999
ArtNo. ESP147051204014, Price: 29.00 €
Abstract Twenty-three samples of volcanic-rock Bronze Age (XIX - X C. b.C.) millstones from ten archaeological sites of Apulia were studied by both petrological and geochemical methods. All the millstones are of the saddle-type, and all are made of haüyne bearing tephrites and phonolite-tephrites typical of the Mt. Vulture volcano. Subsequently, in Classic-Ellenistic Age (V - II C. b.C.) millstones mainly of the hupper-rubber type from Mt. Etna were preferred so that the diffusion of Vulture millstones decreased in the course of time.