Original paper

Description, crystal structure, and paragenesis of krettnichite, PbMn3+2(VO4)2(OH)2, the Mn3+ analogue of mounanaite

Brugger, Joël; Armbruster, Thomas; Criddle, Alan; Berlepsch, Peter; Graeser, Stefan; Reeves, Shane


Krettnichite, PbMn3+2(VO4)2(OH)2, occurs as an accessory ore mineral and as free crystals in vugs within the hydrothermal manganite-quartz vein at the historic manganese deposit of Krettnich, Saarland, Germany. Other vein minerals include barite, ankerite, calcian mottramite (minor ore constituents), barian brackebuschite, cobaltoan pyrobelonite, and calcian mottramite (free crystals in vugs). Krettnichite is monoclinic, space group C2/m, Z = 2, a = 9.275(7) Å, b = 6.284(3) Å, c = 7.682(2) Å, β = 117.97(4)°. Krettnichite is brown to black with red internal reflections. It has an excellent cleavage parallel to (001). A distinct cleavage intersecting (001) at high angle is visible in polished section. Polysynthetic twinning with composition plane (001) is common. Under plane polarised reflected light, krettnichite is slightly pleochroic, from very light grey to light brownish grey, and the anisotropy is strong under crossed polars. Krettnichite is a member of the tsumcorite group. It is the second member of this group with vanadate as the dominant anionic group, and is thus the Mn3+ analogue of mounanaite PbFe3+2(VO4)2(OH)2. The Fe content of krettnichite is generally low, and some crystals contain less than 0.001 atom Fe pfu. Epitactic intergrowths of krettnichite and brackebuschite are common, with parallel alignment of the b axes of both minerals. This direction corresponds to the extension of trans-trans chains of edge-sharing, Jahn-Teller distorted Mn3+O6 octahedra in krettnichite as well as in brackebuschite. Pyrobelonite is always closely associated with barian brackebuschite. It is not known if true epitaxy occurs, but the chains of edge-sharing Mn3+O6 octahedra of brackebuschite match edge-sharing chains of Mn2+O6 octahedra in pyrobelonite.


krettnichitebrackebuschitemottramitepyrobelonitecrystal structurejahn-teller distortionmanganese deposit