Original paper

The minerals boulangerite, falkmanite and Cu-free meneghinite: synthesis, new powder diffraction data and stability relations

Pruseth, Kamal L.; Mishra, Biswajit; Bernhardt, Heinz-J.


Although falkmanite of the ideal composition proposed by Ramdohr & ödman (1940), Pb3Sb2S6, could not be synthesized even with the help of halide fluxes, a phase with composition similar to boulangerite, (Pb5Sb4S11), but with dissimilar X-ray diffraction pattern was synthesized by sulfidation of bournonite at 400 and 500°C. This phase has been provisionally referred to as falkmanite in this study. Molar PbS:Sb2S3 ratio in boulangerite varied from 2.41 to 2.47 and that in falkmanite varied from 2.51 to 2.57. Powder X-ray-diffraction pattern for boulangerite furnished an orthorhombic cell with a = 23.443 A°, b = 21.183 A° and c = 4.505 A°, while that for falkmanite gave a monoclinic cell with a = 21.626 A°, b = 11.409 A°, c = 7.876 A° and β = 96.19°. This raises doubts as to the identity of falkmanite as a member of the boulangerite homologous series, as proposed by Mozgova et al. (1983). At 530°C, Cu-free meneghinite co-existed with falkmanite, signifying that the meneghinite solid solution field in the ternary Cu2S-PbS-Sb2S3 touched the PbS-Sb2S3 binary between 500 and 530°C. From 530 to 560°C, the proportion of Cu-free meneghinite gradually increased relative to that of falkmanite implying increased overlap of the meneghinite solid solution field with the PbS-Sb2S3 binary. Falkmanite and boulangerite synthesized at 500°C and heated at 560°C for 2 hours provided similar X-ray-diffraction patterns, which corresponded with that of Cu-free meneghinite.


boulangeritebournonitefalkmanitecu-free meneghinitex-ray-diffractionpbs-sb2s3system