Original paper

Constraints on F vs. OH incorporation in synthetic [6]Al-bearing monoclinic amphiboles

Della Ventura, Giancarlo; Robert, Jean-Louis; Sergent, José; Hawthorne, Frank C.; Delbove, François


In this work we have systematically replaced OH with F in an amphibole composition intermediate between richterite and pargasite [60% richterite and 40% pargasite in molar proportion; nominal composition Na(Na0.6Ca1.4)(Mg4.6Al0.4)(Si7.2Al0.8)O22(OH,F)2]. Syntheses have been done at 3 kbar PH2O and 900 °C, and for all compositions an assemblage of amphibole plus minor Na-phlogopite has been obtained. Crystal-chemical variations in the amphibole as a function of F have been characterized by a combination of EMPA, X-ray powder diffraction, and infrared spectroscopy. EMPA analyses show that for increasing F in the system (i) the [6]Al content decreases to 0.13 apfu for the nominal fluorine end-member whereas the [4]Al content is virtually constant and close to the nominal value; (ii) the fluorine content is systematically lower than expected. The infrared OH-stretching spectra show that those OH-groups locally bonded to M1MgM1MgM3Mg configurations are preferentially replaced by F whereas those OH-groups locally bonded to M1MgM1MgM3Al configurations are not replaced by F.


richteritepargasiteempacell parametersinfrared spectroscopyoh-f incorporation