Original paper

Metamorphic Na- and OH-rich disordered dravite with tetrahedral boron, associated with omphacite, from Syros, Greece: chemistry and structure

Marschall, Horst R.; Ertl, Andreas; Hughes, John M.; McCammon, Catherine


Metamorphic Fe-bearing dravite from a glaucophane schist from Syros, Greece, associated with omphacite, has been characterized by chemical analyses (EMPA, SIMS, Mössbauer study) and by crystal structure determination. The optimized formula, calculated using chemical and structural data (including from Mössbauer spectroscopy) is X(Na0.96 Ca0.02□0.02) Y(Mg1.29Al0.99Fe2+0.44Fe3+0.19Ti0.05□0.04) Z(Al4.90Mg1.10) T(Si5.83B0.17) B3O27[(OH)3.93F0.07], with a = 15.9443(3), c = 7.2094(3) Å, R = 0.017. The OH- content is nearly 4 apfu, thus there is no significant O2- at the V and W site. The X site is nearly completely filled with Na, contrary to most natural tourmalines. We conclude that tourmaline samples from the dravite-schorl series where the O1 site (W site) is mainly occupied by OH- and/or F, but not by O2-, favour an X-site occupation with Na. Mg and Al are strongly disordered in this tourmaline sample. This Mg-rich tourmaline is an unusual example of Al-Mg disorder which is not driven by the short-range requirements of O2- at the O1 site. Surprisingly, we found small amounts of [4]B in this Mg-rich dravite. This is confirmed by the chemical analysis (including light elements), by the refinement (~ 0.26 [4]B apfu), as well as by the relatively small distance of 1.6179 Å. This is the first known example of a Mg-rich tourmaline which contains significant amounts of [4]B. The formation of this dravite (at PT conditions of ~ 6 to 7 kbar/~ 400°C) took place in a subduction-exhumation environment at undersaturated SiO2-conditions.


key-words: dravitechemical analysescrystal structuretetrahedral boron