Original paper

Shear deformation experiments of forsterite at 11 GPa - 1400C in the multianvil apparatus

Couvy, Hélène; Frost, Daniel J.; Heidelbach, Florian; Nyilas, Krisztián; Ungár, Tamá; Mackwell, Stephen; Cordier, Patrick


Synthetic forsterite samples were shear-deformed at 11 GPa, 1400°C in the multianvil apparatus. The deformation microstructures have been characterised by SEM, EBSD, X-ray diffraction peak broadening and strain anisotropy analysis, and TEM. Different time durations have been characterised with a view to follow the evolution of strain and stress in high-pressure deformation experiments. A high density of [001] dislocations is introduced during pressurization at room temperature although no significant macroscopic shear or crystal preferred orientations are induced at this stage. The deviatoric stress is probably on the order of 1.5 GPa. Heating at 1400°C leads to a rapid decrease of the density of these dislocations. The shear deformation at high-temperature leads to measurable strain and development of crystal preferred orientations after one hour. Stress and strainrate continue to decrease with time, such that eight hour experiments exhibit microstructures where recovery is apparent. At this stage, the stress level is estimated at ca. 100 MPa from dislocation density measurements. Crystal preferred orientations and TEM characterisation show that glide of [001] dislocations on (100) or (010) is the dominant deformation mechanism. Further investigation is needed to determine whether inhibition of [100] glide in these experiments is due to the role of water or whether a physical effect of pressure is also contributing.


shear deformationhigh-pressureforsteritedislocationscore structure