Original paper

Hydrothermal synthesis and crystal structure of Na(Na,Mn)7Mn22(PO4)180.5H2O, a new compound of fillowite structure type

Keller, Paul; Hatert, Frédéric; Lissner, Falk; Schleid, Thomas; Fransolet, André-Mathieu


The chemical compound Na(Na,Mn)7Mn22(PO4)18·0.5H2O was synthesized with a Tuttle pressure vessel at 800 °C and 1 kbar during experimental investigations on the conditions of fillowite formation. The crystal structure of a single-crystal, space group R3 (No. 148), a = 15.2741(9), c = 43.334(3) Å, Z = 6, was determined from X-ray intensity data and refined up to R1 = 0.0728 and R1{FO>4σ(FO)} = 0.0546. The crystal structure of Na(Na,Mn)7Mn22(PO4)18·0.5H2O is similar to the structure of fillowite, Na6Ca3(Mn,Fe)21(PO4)18., but a significant difference between the synthetic H2O containing compound and fillowite is the replacement of (Na12)O8− by Mn(H2O)2O5− polyhedra, which form characteristic six-member rings. The coordination polyhedra around Na12 and Mn12 are so different that simple isomorphous substitution of Na12 by Mn12 is very unlikely, but whole six-member rings either of (Na12)O8− or (Mn12)(H2O)2O5 polyhedra seem to be distributed statistically over the crystal structure. No indication for ordering, e.g. sheet by sheet, has been observed. Na(Na,Mn)7Mn22(PO4)18·0.5H2O is the first fillowite-like compound for which water is located in the structure from single-crystal study. This result is proved by infrared spectral data and indicates that water can play an essential role in the fillowite structure-type. Structural features of the synthetic compounds Na(Na,Mn)7Mn22(PO4)18·0.5H2O, Na4Ca4Mg21(PO4)18 and fillowite are compared.


na(namn)7mn22(po4)18.0.5h2ocrystal structurefillowitephosphate mineralspegmatites