Original paper

Synthesis and structural study of five new trisilicates, BaREE2Si3O10 (REE = Gd, Er, Yb, Sc) and SrY2Si3O10, including a review on the geometry of the Si3O10 unit

Wierzbicka-Wieczorek, Maria; Kolitsch, Uwe; Tillmanns, Ekkehart

Abstract

Five new mixed-framework trisilicates were synthesised using a high-temperature flux growth technique. Colourless, glassy plates of SrY2 Si3 O10 crystallise in space group P1 , with a = 6.757(1), b = 6.885(1), c = 9.273(2) Å, α = 72.42(3), β = 86.37(3), γ = 88.37(3)°, V = 410.38(12) Å3, Z = 2. The main building units of the new structure type represented by SrY2Si3O10 are slightly curved Si3O10 trimers and Y2O11 dimers (composed of YO6 octahedra sharing an edge with YO7 polyhedra), which are further edge-connected to adjacent dimers to form twisted zigzag chains parallel to [010]. BaREE2Si3O10 (REE = Gd, Er, Yb, Sc) form colourless small prisms, pseudohexagonal plates or isometric crystals, and crystallise in space group P21/m, with respectively a = 5.435(1) / 5.389(1) / 5.377(1) / 5.273(1), b = 12.241(2) / 12.163(2) / 12.117(2) / 11.918(2), c = 6.932(1) / 6.840(1) / 6.790(1) / 6.591(1) Å, β = 106.26(3) / 106.47(3) / 106.50(3) / 107.06(3)°, V = 442.74(13) / 429.94(12) / 424.17(12) / 395.98(12) Å3, Z = 2. BaREE2Si3O10(REE = Gd, Er, Yb, Sc) are isotypic with BaY2Si3O10. Their topology is characterised by horseshoe-shaped trisilicate (Si3O10) groups and zigzag chains of edge-sharing distorted MO6 octahedra (M = Gd, Er, Yb, Sc). Correlations between β-, Si-Si-Si angle and unit-cell volume and REE3+ ionic radii are discussed. The geometries of the Si3O10 and T3O10 groups (T = Ge, P, As, Al, Ga, V) in non-silicates are briefly reviewed, with special focus on narrow Si-Si-Si angles.

Keywords

crystal structuretrisilicatesmixed octahedral-tetrahedral frameworkflux-growth methodsingle-crystal x-ray diffractionrare-earth elements