Original paper

Crystal defects in dense hydrous magnesium silicate phase A deformed at high pressure: characterization by transmission electron microscopy

Mussi, Alexandre; Cordier, Patrick; Frost, Daniel J.

Abstract

Dense hydrous magnesium silicate (DHMS) Phase A has been deformed at 11 GPa, 700 and 400 °C in the multianvil apparatus. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) characterizations, using the weak-beam dark-field (WBDF) technique, have shown that at 700 °C, two different types of perfect dislocations are activated with ⅓〈2110〉 and ⅓〈2113〉 Burgers vectors. The ⅓〈2110〉 dislocations glide in the basal plane, but for ⅓〈2113〉 dislocations, no glide plane could be identified. At 400 °C, dissociation of ⅓〈2110〉 dislocations is observed in the basal plane. Furthermore, prismatic and pyramidal glide planes were identified, with dissociations in pyramidal planes, at this temperature. Also a growth reticular merohedral twin has been observed; the twin law results from a rotation of 180° around the [1540] axis.

Keywords

dhmsphase atemdislocationsglide planetwindissociation