Original paper

In situ analysis of garnet inclusion in diamond using single-crystal X-ray diffraction and X-ray micro-tomography

Nestola, Fabrizio; Merli, Marcello; Nimis, Paolo; Parisatto, Matteo; Kopylova, Maya; Stefano, Andrea De; Longo, Micaela; Ziberna, Luca; Manghnani, Murli


A single crystal of garnet enclosed in a diamond from the Jericho kimberlite (Slave Craton, Canada) has been investigated using X-ray diffraction and X-ray micro-tomography. The novel experimental approach allowed us to determine the crystal structure of the garnet. The unit-cell edge a and fractional atomic coordinates of oxygen were used to determine the composition via an updated Margules model for garnets. The composition is Pyr0.41(5)Alm0.36(7)Gro0.22(1)Uva0.01(1), which is indistinguishable from the eclogitic garnets found in other Jericho diamonds. We also demonstrated that residual pressures on the inclusion of up to 1 GPa do not affect significantly the determination of the garnet composition by structure refinement.


diamondgarnetinclusionresidual pressurex-ray diffractionx-ray micro-tomographyjericho kimberlite