Electrical conductivity of gabbro: the effects of temperature, pressure and oxygen fugacity
Dai, Lidong; Hu, Haiying; Li, Heping; Hui, Keshi; Jiang, Jianjun; Li, Jia; Sun, Wenqing
European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 27 Number 2 (2015), p. 215 - 224
published: Mar 1, 2015
ArtNo. ESP147052702011, Price: 29.00 €
The electrical conductivity of gabbro was investigated at 623–1173 K, 0.5–2.0 GPa and oxygen fugacities controlled by three solid buffers (Cu + CuO, Ni + NiO and Mo + MoO2) using a YJ-3000t multianvil press and Solartron-1260 impedance spectroscopy analyzer within the frequency range 10–1–106 Hz. The measured electrical conductivity shows an Arrhenius increase with temperature and increases with increasing pressure. The activation energy and activation volume of charge carriers have been determined as 0.72 ± 0.01 eV and –6.8 ± 0.69 cm3/mol, respectively. The hydrogen-assisted electrical conductivity in gabbro decreases with increasing oxygen fugacity. Furthermore, it is inferred that some hydrogen-related defects with minor concentration (e.g., H′ M or H•) are the main charge carriers in the sample and provide reasonable explanations for the behavior of electrical conductivity of gabbro at high pressure.