Original paper

Perettiite-(Y), Y3+ 2Mn2+ 4Fe2+ [Si2 B8 O24 ], a new mineral from Momeik, Myanmar

Danisi, Rosa Micaela; Armbruster, Thomas; Libowitzky, Eugen; Wang, Hao A.O.; Günther, Detlef; Nagashima, Mariko; Reusser, Eric; Bieri, Willy

European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 27 Number 6 (2015), p. 793 - 803

published: Dec 1, 2015

DOI: 10.1127/ejm/2015/0027-2483

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Abstract

The new mineral perettiite-(Y), end-member formula Y3+ 2Mn2+ 4Fe2+ [Si2 B8 O24], from pegmatites in the region of Momeik, north of Mogok, Myanmar, occurs as yellow needles enclosed in phenakite crystals. The mineral was named after the mineralogist and gemologist Dr. Adolf Peretti. The empirical formula using LA-ICP-MS data (based on 24 O pfu) is Y2.06 Ln0.53 Zr0.02 Th0.01 Mn3.24 Ca0.38 Fe0.71 Mg0.07 Al0.11 Li0.22 Si1.95 B7.44 Be0.31 O24. Calculation of the H2 O content using IR absorption data yields a maximum hydroxyl/water content equivalent to 0.1 wt.% H2 O. The strongest lines in the powder pattern [d in Å (Imeas. ) (hkl)] are 4.63 (52) (010), 4.08 (28) (301, 103), 3.74 (20) (210), 3.05 (100) (113, 311, 303), 2.64 (67) (410, 014), 2.54 (60) (313), 2.12 (23) (600, 006), 1.87 (33) (420, 024), 1.84 (52) (415, 323), 1.57 (20) (026, 620), 1.44 (25) (133, 331). The perettiite-(Y) crystals show a tetragonal X-ray diffraction pattern but the structure could only be solved as a 50/50 pseudo-merohedral orthorhombic twin with the a and c axes having the same length. The structure, refined to R 1 = 14; 0.017 (space group Pmna with a = 12.8252(5), b = 4.6187(2), c = 12.8252(5) Å, V = 759.71(5) Å 3, Z = 2), is characterized by two eight-coordinated sites: one dominated by Y and lanthanoids (Ln) and the other by Mn2+(with additional Ca2+ and Y 3+). An octahedral site is occupied by (Fe2+, Mg) with additional Li+. These cation sites form an interlayer between two tetrahedral sheets of Si2 B8 O24 composition. Boron shows minor replacement by beryllium. Arrangement of 4-, 5- and 8-membered rings within (010) form the borosilicate tetrahedral sheets. Perettiite-(Y) is brittle, with irregular fracture and (010) cleavage; the estimated Mohs hardness is 7. Using the empirical formula, the density was estimated to be 4.533 g cm-3. Perettiite-(Y) is biaxial,α = 1.82(1), γ = 1.84(1) (589 nm).

Keywords

new mineral2mn2+momeik4fe2+crystal structureborosilicatey3+[si2 b8 o24]myanmarperettiite-(y)