Original paper

Crystal chemistry of brannockite, KLi3Sn2 Si12O30, from a new occurrence in the Golden Horn Batholith, Washington State, USA

Raschke, Markus B.; Anderson, Evan J.D.; Allaz, Julien; Friis, Henrik; Smyth, Joseph R.; Tschernich, Rudy; Becker, Randy

European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 28 Number 1 (2016), p. 153 - 161

published: Mar 1, 2016

DOI: 10.1127/ejm/2015/0027-2477

BibTeX file

ArtNo. ESP147052801014, Price: 29.00 €

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A second locality of the milarite-group mineral brannockite (ideally KLi3 Sn2Si12O30) has been discovered at Liberty Bell/Washington Pass in the peralkaline granite of the Golden Horn Batholith, Okanogan County, Washington, USA as millimeter sized euhedral bladed clear crystals in a single miarolitic cavity. The Washington Pass brannockite shows microscale compositional zoning involving tetravalent A-site Sn4+, Zr4+, Ti4 +, and Hf4+ substitution and the coupled substitution A(X4+) + B ⇔ A(Fe/Al)3+ + BNa , K)+. In contrast, brannockite analyzed from the type locality in the late hydrothermal zone of the Li-Sn-rich pegmatite of the Foote Mine, Kings Mountain, North Carolina, USA exhibits near end-member composition with only minor Na+, Al3+, and Ti4+. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction of Washington Pass brannockite confirms the space group P6/mcc with unit-cell parameters a = 10.014(2) Å, c = 14.268(5) Å, and V = 1239.16(8) Å 3. Washington Pass brannockite co-exists with its Zr-analogues, both the milarite-group sogdianite and the related tuhualite-group mineral zektzerite. Selected samples of both minerals show Sn as minor element. The sogdianite contains unusually low Na and Ti compared to most other localities and has near end-member composition. The results emphasize the high compatibility of the milarite structure with different heterovalent cations, associated with the cation-size dependent coupled distortion of the octahedral A and tetrahedral T2 sites.


tuhualite groupmilarite groupbrannockitegolden horn batholithsubstitutioncoupledstructure refinementfoote mine