Original paper

A calorimetric and thermodynamic investigation of the synthetic analogue of chalcomenite, CuSeO3·2H2O

Charykova, Marina V.; Lelet, Maxim I.; Krivovichev, Vladimir G.; Ivanova, Natalya M.; Suleimanov, Evgeny V.

European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 29 Number 2 (2017), p. 269 - 277

published: Apr 1, 2017

DOI: 10.1127/ejm/2017/0029-2595

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Abstract

Thermophysical and thermochemical calorimetric investigations were carried out on the synthetic analogue of chalcomenite. The synthesis of CuSeO3 · 2H2 O was realized from copper nitrate and sodium selenite solutions heated to 80°C for 2 to 3 h. The precipitate was characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, IR spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. The low-temperature heat capacity of CuSeO3 · 2H2 O was measured using adiabatic calorimetry between 5 and 323 K, and the third-law entropy was determined. A value of S ° (298 K, CuSeO3 ·2H2 O, cr) = 181.0 ± 1.0 J/(K mol) was obtained with an uncertainty of 0.5%. The enthalpy of formation of CuSeO3 · 2H2 O was determined by solution calorimetry with H2 SO4 solution as the solvent, giving Δ f H° (298 K, CuSeO3 · 2H2 O, cr) = -1035.3 ± 4.9 kJ/mol. The Gibbs energy of formation for CuSeO3 · 2H2 O at T = 298 K, 1 atm can be calculated on the basis on Δ f H° (298 K) and Δ f S° (298 K): Δ f G ° (298 K, CuSeO3 · 2H2 O, cr) = 835.3 ± 5.3 kJ/mol. Smoothed Cp ° (T) values between T = 0 K and T= 320 K for CuSeO3 ·2H2 O (cr) are presented along with values for S ° and the functions [H° (T) H° (0)] and [G° (T) H° (0)]. These results motivate a re-evaluation of the natural conditions under which selenites and selenates replace selenides, and sulfides in the oxidation zones of sulfide ore deposits or upon weathering of technologic waste. The value of Δ f G ° for CuSeO3 ·2H2 O was used to calculate Eh– pH diagrams of the Cu– Se–CO2 – H2 O system. The behaviour of selenium and copper in the surface environment has been quantitatively explained by variations of the redox potential and the acidity–basicity of the mineral-forming medium. Precisely, these parameters determine the migration ability of selenium compounds and their precipitation in the form of various solid phases.

Keywords

thermodynamic propertieschalcomenitecopper selenite hydrateenthalpy of formationadiabatic calorimetryheat capacitygibbs energy of formationentropy