First terrestrial occurrence of the complex phosphate chladniite: crystal-structure refinement by synchrotron through-the-substrate microdiffraction
Vallcorba, Oriol; Casas, Lluís; Colombo, Fernando; Frontera, Carlos; Rius, Jordi
European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 29 Number 2 (2017), p. 287 - 293
published: Apr 1, 2017
ArtNo. ESP147052902017, Price: 29.00 €
Chladniite, a complex phosphate species belonging to the fillowite group so far only found in meteorites, was identified in a pegmatite from Córdoba (Argentina) as inclusions in beusite. Applying synchrotron through-the-substrate microdiffraction technique to polished thin sections prepared on very thin glass-substrates (0.1 mm), diffraction data with nearly single-crystal quality were directly measured at selected chladniite microvolumes of the section. Chladniite is trigonal (space group R 3), with a = 15.0133(3) Å, c = 42.887(2) Å, V = 8371.6(5) Å3. The subsequent crystal-structure reinement confirms that the accuracy attainable by using 0.1-mmthick glass-substrates is comparable to that of routine single-crystal measurements [R 1 = 3.34% for 1617 unique reflections]. The refined crystal structure of pegmatitic chladniite differs from the meteoritic one in the cation ordering (Mg, Fe + Mn and Ca) at the various metal sites, with Mn being dominant at the M(1) position.