Original paper

Stable isotope geochemistry of carbonates from the Apuane Alps mining district, northern Tuscany, Italy

Cortecci, Gianni; Benvenuti, Marco; Lattanzi, Pierfranco; Tanelli, Giuseppe

European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 4 Number 3 (1992), p. 509 - 520

42 references

published: Jun 11, 1992
manuscript accepted: Oct 10, 1991
manuscript received: Feb 13, 1991

DOI: 10.1127/ejm/4/3/0509

BibTeX file

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Abstract Rock, vein filling and ore-gangue carbonates associated with the main stratabound and largely stratiform barite-iron oxides-pyrite deposits of the Apuane Alps were analysed for carbon and oxygen isotope compositions. The orebodies occur within a metamorphic phyllitic complex with carbonate-bearing intercalations (Scisti di Fornovolasco), and at the contact with the overlying metamorphic dolostones (Grezzoni). Carbonates from the tectonically underlying Nucleo Metamorfico Apuano unit were also analysed. The δ13CPDB and δ18Osmow values of dolomite and calcite are in the ranges -0.9 to 2.8%o and 23.1 to 31.4%o, respectively, for country rocks, -1.9 to O.O%o and 22.2 to 26.0%o for vein carbonates, and -29.3 to -20.3%o and 16.6 to 19.4%o for gangue calcites. The main isotopic features are (1) the lowest δ18O values for carbonate rocks are found at the contacts with either schist or orebody, (2) vein dolomite is depleted in both C and l O relative to host rock dolomite, and their δ18O values very well correlate positively, (3) the δ13C of gangue calcites matches with that of carbonates associated to sulphate-reducing bacterial activity. The isotopic data and their spatial distribution can satisfactorily be interpreted either in terms of variable alteration of the protolith isotopic signatures by interaction with metamorphic fluids, or in terms of crystallization at metamorphic temperatures from fluids driven out of the schists. Water to rock mole ratios are tentatively estimated. The present results are compatible with a sedimentary-diagenetic origin for stratiform orebodies, followed by metamorphic recrystallization and mobilization processes


Apuane Alpsore depositscarbonatesstable isotopesmetamorphic fluidswater/rock ratios