Original paper

Crystal chemistry and cation ordering in pseudobrookite and armalcolite from Spanish lamproites

Brigatti, Maria Franca; Contini, Simona; Capedri, Silvio; Poppi, Luciano

European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 5 Number 1 (1993), p. 73 - 84

26 references

published: Mar 4, 1993
manuscript accepted: Jun 24, 1992
manuscript received: Mar 3, 1992

DOI: 10.1127/ejm/5/1/0073

BibTeX file

ArtNo. ESP147050501017, Price: 29.00 €

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Abstract

Abstract Pseudobrookite-like minerals from two outcrops of Spanish lamproites (Jumilla, Murcia province, and Cancarix, Albacete province) cover the compositional range: Fe3+1.6Mg0.2Ti1.2O5 - F3+0.6Mg0.7Ti1.7 O5 - Fe3+0.2Fe3+0.6Mg0.3Ti1.9O5 thus they range between pseudobrookite and armalcolite. Al, Cr, Mn, Ca, Zr and Nb are minor elements. Single crystal X-ray structural refinements, in the space group Bbmm, give R-values between 0.016 and 0.024. The structural refinements show that: (1) Ml site has wider variations in mean bond lengths and is larger and more distorted than M2 site because of the preferential ordering in the M1 site of Mg and Fe3+ in respect to Ti; (2) the cation ordering is probably controlled both by chemical environment and temperature of crystallization. In particular, ordering in pseudobrookites from rocks of comparable composition increases under decreasing temperature of crystallization ; (3) in Jumilla rocks, the highest in oxygen activity among the lamproites analyzed (above the NNO buffer), all the iron in pseudobrookite occurs in the trivalent state, whereas in Cancarix and Las Minas de Helin, close to NNO and QFM buffers respectively, iron is present also in the divalent state.

Keywords

pseudobrookitearmalcoliteSpanish lamproitescrystal chemistrystructural refinementscation ordering