Original paper

Al-Fe3+ and F-OH substitutions in titanite and constraints on their P-T dependence

Enami, Masaki; Suzuki, Kazuhiro; Liou, J.G.; Bird, Dennis K.

European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 5 Number 2 (1993), p. 219 - 232

46 references

published: Apr 27, 1993
manuscript accepted: Dec 3, 1992
manuscript received: Sep 30, 1992

DOI: 10.1127/ejm/5/2/0219

BibTeX file

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Abstract Aluminous titanites occur in low-grade metasediments from the Salton Sea geothermal system, U.S.A., and in granitoids and associated fluorite-bearing skarns from southwest Japan. Average (Al + Fe3+) content of the metamorphic titanites in the Salton Sea geothermal system decreases systematically with increasing temperature and depth from 0.21-0.37 per formula unit (pfu.) in the chlorite-calcite zone (T = 180-320°C), through 0.12-0.23 pfu. in the biotite zone (320-340°C), to 0.12-0.13 pfu. in the clinopyroxene zone (340-360°C). Fluorine content varies from 0.0 to 0.20 pfu., and average XF [= F/(F + Cl + OH)] is less than 0.5 in all samples. Titanites in the granitoids are divided into magmatic titanites occurring as discrete grains in the matrix or as inclusions in plagioclase, and secondary titanites occurring as tiny granules in chlorite that alters biotite. The (Al + Fe3+) content and F contents are, respectively, 0.18 ± 0.03 and 0.14 ± 0.04 pfu. for the magmatic titanites and 0.45 ± 0.05 and 0.35 ± 0.08 pfu. for the secondary titanites. The (Al + Fe3+) content and F contents of titanites in fluorite-bearing skarns are 0.21 ± 0.05 and 0.16 ± 0.06 pfu., respectively. The titanites in the granitoids and skarns have high XF of 0.77 ±0.17 and 0.75 ± 0.16, respectively. The low-grade metamorphic and secondary titanites have variable Al content and XF; their compositions are controlled by both substitutions (Al, Fe3+)FTi-iO-i and (Al, Fe3+)(OH)Ti-iO-i. The Ca(Al, Fe3+)(OH)Si04 component of titanites was preferentially decomposed with increasing temperature and the (Al, Fe3+)FTi-iO-i substitution mainly controls Al content of titanite under high-temperature conditions. On the other hand, the Ca(Al, Fe3+)FSiO4 component increases with increasing pressure at fixed temperature, and stabilizes titanite in high-temperature and high-pressure conditions such as eclogite-facies metamorphism


titaniteSalton Sea geothermal systemskarngranitoidfluorin