Structural study of ellenbergerite. Part I: Effects of high temperature
Comodi, Paola; Zanazzi, Pier Francesco
European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 5 Number 5 (1993), p. 819 - 830
published: Jan 1, 1992
manuscript accepted: Apr 5, 1993
manuscript received: Aug 31, 1992
ArtNo. ESP147050505004, Price: 29.00 €
Abstract The thermal behaviour of ellenbergerite, a nesosilicate recently found in a high-pressure assemblage of the Dora-Maira massif, Western Alps, was studied between 20 and 754°C employing a microfurnace connected with a single-crystal diffractometer. The ellenbergerite chemical formula is [Mg,(Ti,Zr),□]2Mg6(Al,Mg)6 (Si,P)8O28(OH)10. Its hexagonal structure, space group P63, consists of single chains of face-sharing octahedra partially occupied by Mg and Ti or Zr and double chains consisting of couples of face-sharing octahedra occupied by Mg and Al linked by edges along the c axis. Isolated S1O4 tetrahedra interconnect the octahedral chains. The lattice parameters measured at different temperatures increase according to the following equations: a/ao = 1 + 5.50 10-6 T+ 3.46 10-9 T2 c/co = 1 + 7.94 10-6 T+ 4.65 10-9 T2 V/Vo=\ + 1.86 10-5 T+ 1.20 10-8 T2 where T is in °C. The average coefficients of thermal expansion between 20 and 800°C are ᾱa - 8.2 10-6 °C-1, ᾱc= 11.5 10-6 C-1 and ᾱv/ =27.7 10-6°C-1. The structure was refined at room conditions (R = 2.9% for 730 independent reflections) and with data collected from crystals in the heating device at 20, 410 and 668°C (R = 3.3, 3.2 and 3.5% respectively, for 355, 384 and 363 independent reflections). The mean thermal expansion coefficient of the octahedron of the single chain is 3.09 10-5°C-1, whereas those ofMg and Al octahedra of the double chain are 2.99 10-5 and 3.40 lO-5°C-1 , respectively. The temperature increases the off-centre shift of Mg and Al in the double chain, reducing the electrostatic repulsion, and does not produce centring of Ti in the single octrahedral chain. No significant tetrahedral tilting is observed on heating. The irreversible weakening of the intensity of diffraction effects observed above 754°C, symptom of crystal damage, can be probably ascribed to loss of hydrogens.