Original paper

Dorallcharite Tl0.8K0.2Fe3(SO4)2(OH)6, a new member of the jarosite-alunite family

Ballčžunlč, Tonči; Moëlo, Yves; Lončar, Željko; Micheelsen, Harry

European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 6 Number 2 (1994), p. 255 - 264

35 references

published: Mar 31, 1994
manuscript accepted: Dec 7, 1993
manuscript received: Jul 13, 1993

DOI: 10.1127/ejm/6/2/0255

BibTeX file

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Abstract Dorallcharite, ideally Tl Fe3+3 (SO4)2(OH)6 is a Tl-Fe member of the alunite-jarosite family. Electron microprobe measurements and a crystal-structure determination show that K substitutes 8.3 to 29.5% (mean 18.6%) of the Tl atoms in the investigated sample. A complete solid-solution series is assumed to exist between dorallcharite and jarosite. The crystal structure was refined from powder X-ray diffraction data using the Rietveld method (Rw = 5.86%). The (hexagonal) unit cell parameters are: a = 7.3301(3) Å, c = 17.6631(7) A, space group R3¯ m, Z = 3, pcaic = 3.85 g/cm3 (at 15°C). Structural data indicate a possible displacement of the Tl atom along the c axis direction (statistically distributed through the structure) owing to the lone-electron-pair effect. The strongest lines in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are [d(Å), I, hkl] 5.974, 87, 101; 3.666, 34, 110; 3.112, 100, 021+113+015; 2.988, 22, 202; 2.577, 21, 024; 1.991, 29, 303+033+125; and 1.833, 23, 220. The mineral has a golden yellow colour and occurs in earthy and fine-grained aggregates of rhombohedral crystals under 10 μm in diameter with a distinct {0001} cleavage. It is uniaxial negative with nω = 1.822(3), nε = 1.768(2), with normal interference colours and no pleochroism. Dorallcharite is found in Allchar, Republic of Macedonia, a deposit known for Tl sulphides and sulphosalts, where it has formed in the oxidation zone of the ore body. It is often associated with an amorphous Fe-Mn sulphate-arsenate free of Tl. The observed paragenesis suggests that, in the oxidation zone of the sulphides, Tl concentrates preferentially in a material of jarositic composition.


new mineraljarosite-alunite groupthalliumMacedonia (Allchar deposit)dorallcharite.