Geochemistry of a meta-ophiolite suite: An association of metagabbros, eclogites and glaucophanites on the island of Syros, Greece
Seck, Hans Adolf; Kötz, Jürgen; Okrusch, Martin; Seidel, Eberhard; Stosch, Heinz-Günter
European Journal of Mineralogy Volume 8 Number 3 (1996), p. 607 - 624
published: Jun 17, 1996
manuscript accepted: Dec 27, 1995
manuscript received: Dec 27, 1994
ArtNo. ESP147050803012, Price: 29.00 €
Abstract The famous association of metagabbros, eclogites, glaucophanites, jadeite rocks and ultramafics from the island of Syros forms a distinct lithostratigraphic or tectonic unit. It is interpreted as a high-pressure metamorphic ophiolite suite. This paper provides geochemical and Sr-isotope constraints on the geotectonic setting in which the magmatic protoliths of the Syros metabasites were formed. A compositional gap exists between the metagabbros with Mg-numbers [Mg# = Mg/(0.85Fetot + Mg) atomic ratio] of 0.75-0.88 on the one hand and eclogites and garnet-glaucophanites on the other hand with Mg# of 0.35-0.62, and maximum total iron contents of up to 18 wt.% FeOtot. Metagabbros from various localities and glaucophanites collected around Manna form geochemically coherent groups with smooth correlations between compatible as well as immobile incompatible elements and Mg#. By contrast, the behaviour of immobile incompatible elements, and to some extent also of compatible elements, is highly unsystematic in the eclogites and garnet-glaucophanites. Also, the more mobile elements display a wide scatter in all rocks. This, in conjunction with the unsystematic variation of Sr-isotopes, is thought to be due to secondary alteration. From the strong correlation of Ni and Cr with Mg# and the flat REE patterns lacking Eu-anomalies, a cumulus nature is inferred for olivine, clinopyroxene, and spinel, associated with intercumulus formation of plagioclase in the magmatic protoliths of the metagabbros. There is no direct genetic link between these rocks and the precursors of the Manna-type glaucophanites with REE characteristics typical of N- to T-type MORB. The extremely high geochemical diversity of the eclogites and garnet-glaucophanites from Syros favours individual evolution of their protoliths in small magma bodies as suggested for superferric eclogites from the Western and Ligurian Alps, as well as the ferrogabbros from the ophiolites of the Northern Apennines. From the geochemistry of the Syros metabasites along with the initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios of the metagabbros between 0.7031 and 0.7033, as well as an eNd value of 7.7 from a garnet glaucophanite, the magmatic protoliths are inferred to have formed in a back-arc setting. By analogy to the association of gabbros and ferrogabbros adjacent to the Atlantis II fracture zone of the SW Indian Ridge, we further suggest an origin at a spreading ridge in proximity to a transform fault.