The International Association for Danube Research (IAD): its future role in Danube research
The International Association for Danube Research (IAD), founded in 1956 by Professor R. Liepolt, was aimed at scientifically uniting western and eastern countries bordering the Danube. Political changes since 1989 and greater environmental awareness have set a new pace in the Danube region and IAD must respond scientifically to survive in an increasingly competitive situation. This paper summarizes the present condition and problems of the Danube, with respect to chemical pollution and monitoring, physical destruction and conservation, major tributaries and catchments, biodiversity and sustainable development. Although pollution problems remain important, morphological destruction will be the target for future Danube research to ensure the river's ecological functionality and integrity.