Preface: Role of research and models in the implementation of the Water Framework Directive
Tilche, A.; Balabanis, P.
From more than three decades, water research has been a major component of successive EU environmental research programmes with a view of developing the necessary scientific knowledge for the protection of water resources and the development of integrated solutions for the sustainable management of water. In the context of the 5th EU Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP5), the European Commission has supported the development of modelling tools for the use in the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD). Steps have been taken to transfer these newly developed tools from the research community to operational use of the water managers. In fact, end-user and stakeholder involvement has been a key element in all projects supported in FP5. In addition, the concerted action project, HarmoniCA, has been established to facilitate specific clustering activities. On the European level, a dialogue between the science and policy-making communities has brought together the leading scientists and those responsible for the Common Implementation Strategy (CIS) and WFD implementation.