Aviation radiative forcing in 2000: An update on IPCC (1999)
Sausen, Robert; Isaksen, Ivar; Grewe, Volker; Hauglustaine, Didier; Lee, David S.; Myhre, Gunnar; Köhler, Marcus O.; Pitari, Giovanni; Schumann, Ulrich; Stordal, Frode; Zerefos, Christos
New estimates of the various contributions to the radiative forcing (RF) from aviation are presented, mainly based on results from the TRADEOFF project that update those of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 1999). The new estimate of the total RF from aviation for 2000 is approximately the same as that of the IPCC's estimate for 1992. This is mainly a consequence of the strongly reduced RF from contrails, which compensates the increase due to increased traffic from 1992 to 2000. The RF from other aviation-induced cirrus clouds might be as large as the present estimate of the total RF (without cirrus). However, our present knowledge on these aircraft-induced cirrus clouds is too poor to provide a reliable estimate of the associated RF.