Intercomparison of integrated water vapour measurements
Martin, Lorenz; Mätzler, Christian; Hewison, Tim J.; Ruffieux, Dominique
Measurements of tropospheric integrated water vapour (IWV) made with two microwave radiometers (ASMUWARA, TP/WVP-3000), GPS, and radiosondes (SRS 400) during the Temperature, hUmidity, and Cloud (TUC) profiling campaign under mid-latitude conditions in Payerne, Switzerland, in winter 2003/2004 are compared. All methods provide robust IWV retrievals in clear sky and cloudy situations. The mean difference between radiometric and radiosonde IWV is less than 0,15 kgm−2 being not significant with respect to the standard deviation and to the theoretical accuracy. The GPS IWV measurements have a persistent significant dry bias of approx. 0,5 kgm−2 with respect to radiometers and radiosondes. The different temporal and spatial resolutions of the instruments were found to have a strong influence on the standard deviation. A characteristic diurnal cycle of the GPS and radiometric IWV was observed.