Original paper

Backtrajectory reconstruction of water vapour and ozone in-situ observations in the TTL

Ploeger, F.; Konopka, P.; Müller, R.; Günther, G.; Grooss, J.-U.; Schiller, C.; Ravegnani, F.; Ulanovski, A.; Riese, M.

Meteorologische Zeitschrift Vol. 21 No. 3 (2012), p. 239 - 244

published: Jun 1, 2012

DOI: 10.1127/0941-2948/2012/0314

BibTeX file

ArtNo. ESP025012103004, Price: 29.00 €

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Water vapour and ozone in-situ observations in the tropical tropopause layer (TTL) during the three tropical campaigns SCOUT-O3, AMMA and TroCCiNOx are reconstructed from diabatic and kinematic backtrajectories, with the reconstruction method for the tracer fields based on freeze-drying and photochemichal ozone production. The results using diabatic trajectories show that both water vapour and ozone in-situ observations can be well reconstructed from trajectories. Consequentially, in-situ observations agree with the assumption of freeze-drying due to the large-scale temperature field as the main control mechanism for water vapour and photochemical production and transport as main control mechanisms for tropical ozone. The kinematic ozone reconstruction, however, shows a large high-bias during SCOUT-O3 and a too strong variability during all campaigns, due to excessive transport of stratospheric ozone into the TTL. We conclude that kinematic reconstructions of in-situ observations are less reliable than diabatic, due to unrealistic inhomogeneities in the velocity field.