Original paper

Benchmarking in a rotating annulus: a comparative experimental and numerical study of baroclinic wave dynamics

Vincze, Miklos; Borchert, Sebastian; Achatz, Ulrich; von Larcher, Thomas; Baumann, Martin; Liersch, Claudia; Remmler, Sebastian; Beck, Teresa; Alexandrov, Kiril D.; Egbers, Christoph; Fröhlich, Jochen; Heuveline, Vincent; Hickel, Stefan; Harlander, Uwe

Meteorologische Zeitschrift Vol. 23 No. 6 (2015), p. 611 - 635

67 references

published: Jan 13, 2015
published online: Jan 13, 2015
manuscript accepted: Oct 1, 2014
manuscript revision received: Aug 11, 2014
manuscript revision requested: Aug 11, 2014
manuscript received: Mar 7, 2014

DOI: 10.1127/metz/2014/0600

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Abstract

The differentially heated rotating annulus is a widely studied tabletop-size laboratory model of the general mid-latitude atmospheric circulation. The two most relevant factors of cyclogenesis, namely rotation and meridional temperature gradient are quite well captured in this simple arrangement. The radial temperature difference in the cylindrical tank and its rotation rate can be set so that the isothermal surfaces in the bulk tilt, leading to the formation of baroclinic waves. The signatures of these waves at the free water surface have been analyzed via infrared thermography in a wide range of rotation rates (keeping the radial temperature difference constant) and under different initial conditions. In parallel to the laboratory experiments, five groups of the MetStröm collaboration have conducted numerical simulations in the same parameter regime using different approaches and solvers, and applying different initial conditions and perturbations. The experimentally and numerically obtained baroclinic wave patterns have been evaluated and compared in terms of their dominant wave modes, spatio-temporal variance properties and drift rates. Thus certain “benchmarks” have been created that can later be used as test cases for atmospheric numerical model validation.

Keywords

benchmarkbaroclinic instabilityrotating annulus