Original paper

Detection of Wind Evolution and Lidar Trajectory Optimization for Lidar-Assisted Wind Turbine Control

Schlipf, David; Haizmann, Florian; Cosack, Nicolai; Siebers, Tom; Cheng, Po Wen

Meteorologische Zeitschrift Vol. 24 No. 6 (2015), p. 565 - 579

24 references

published: Nov 5, 2015
published online: Aug 31, 2015
manuscript accepted: Mar 15, 2015
manuscript revision received: Mar 13, 2015
manuscript revision requested: Nov 8, 2014
manuscript received: Aug 18, 2014

DOI: 10.1127/metz/2015/0634

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Recent developments in remote sensing are offering a promising opportunity to rethink conventional control strategies of wind turbines. With technologies such as lidar, the information about the incoming wind field - the main disturbance to the system - can be made available ahead of time. Initial field testing of collective pitch feedforward control shows, that lidar measurements are only beneficial if they are filtered properly to avoid harmful control action. However, commercial lidar systems developed for site assessment are usually unable to provide a usable signal for real time control. Recent research shows, that the correlation between the measurement of rotor effective wind speed and the turbine reaction can be modeled and that the model can be used to optimize a scan pattern. This correlation depends on several criteria such as turbine size, position of the measurements, measurement volume, and how the wind evolves on its way towards the rotor. In this work the longitudinal wind evolution is identified with the line-of-sight measurements of a pulsed lidar system installed on a large commercial wind turbine. This is done by staring directly into the inflowing wind during operation of the turbine and fitting the coherence between the wind at different measurement distances to an exponential model taking into account the yaw misalignment, limitation to line-of-sight measurements and the pulse volume. The identified wind evolution is then used to optimize the scan trajectory of a scanning lidar for lidar-assisted feedforward control in order to get the best correlation possible within the constraints of the system. Further, an adaptive filer is fitted to the modeled correlation to avoid negative impact of feedforward control because of uncorrelated frequencies of the wind measurement. The main results of the presented work are a first estimate of the wind evolution in front of operating wind turbines and an approach which manufacturers of lidar systems can use to improve their devices to better assist preview control concepts.


wind evolutionLongitudinal Spectral Coherencelidar-assisted control